Laws

BULGARIA

Limited information only available for these topics

Access to Children
Adoption of Children
Age of Consent
Anti-Vilification
Artifical Insemination
Assisted Reproduction
Asylum / Refugees
Censorship, Free Speech
  Civil Unions
Custody of Children
Discrimination
Fostering Children
Gender Identity
Harassment
Hate Crimes
  HIV/Aids
Homosexuality
Immigration
Inheritance
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Marriage
Military
  Partners
Parenting
Property
Sodomy
Transgender, Transsexual
Violence
Wrongful Death

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Age of Consent Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

In 2006, Interpol reported that there is no legal definition for the age of consent to sexual activity in the legislation. The age of simple majority is 18 years [R1.2].

In 2002, Ilga reported that the age of consent for consensual sex between same-sex couples was equalised [R1.1].

R1.2 Interpol: Sexual offences against children PDF 29.38kb, Spring 2006 (Accessed 07 JUL 11)
R1.1 ILGA: State-sponsored Homophobia PDF 380.51kb, MAY 11
Censorship, Freedom of Expression, Free Speech, Right of Assembly Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

On 29 January 2014, the National Assembly rejected a proposal which would have amended the Penal Code, banning any public discussion or display of LGBTI identity [R1.1].

R1.1 GayStarNews: Bulgarian Parliament rejects gay propaganda ban law 31 JAN 14
Civil Unions, Partners: Domestic, Registered Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

Bulgaria does not recognise same-sex partners [R1.1].

In November 2008, the parliament was considering a new draft of the Family Code which introduces civil partnerships into Bulgarian law, but only between a man and a woman [R1.2].

R1.1 The Advocate: EU Court Grants Pension Rights to Partners in Same-Sex Unions 03 APR 08
R1.2 PinkNews.co.uk: Give Gay Couples Legal Partnerships, MEPs Ask Bulgaria 13 NOV 08
Discrimination Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

In 2004, discrimination in employment based on sexual orientation was made unlawful [R1.1].

On 16 September 2003, Bulgaria's parliament banned discrimination based on sexual orientation and a number of other factors [R1.2].

Previously:

In September 2001, the European Parliament and the European Commission declared that Bulgaria must eliminate provisions in the penal code that discriminate against homosexual men and lesbian women before the country will be allowed to join the European Union [R1.3].

In September 1998, the European Parliament firmly expressed its refusal to "give its consent to the accession of any country that, through its legislation or policies, violates the human rights of lesbians and gay men". The countries concerned are Cyprus, Romania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, and Lithuania [R1.4].

2.

Courts & Tribunals

On 04 July 2011, the Supreme Administrative Court ruled that the municipal ordinance of the Pazardzhik Municipality that banned the displays of sexuality in public was direct discrimination based on sexual orientation [R2.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 382.87kb, MAY 08
R1.2 blaze: Bulgaria Bans Discrimination 26 SEP 03
R1.3 Gay.com UK: Prospective Members of EU Must Abolish Anti-Gay Laws 15 SEP 01
R1.4 ILGA-Europe: EU Parliament Equal Rights Resolution 18 SEP 98
R2.1 Novinite.com: Bulgaria's Supreme Court Upholds Gay Rights, Rules against Homophobia 04 JUL 11

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HIV Aids Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

On 09 March 1998, Bulgaria's Parliament passed a measure requiring foreigners who visit for more than one month to take an HIV test [R1].

R1 Capital Q: Tourists Tested 20 MAR 98
Homosexuality, Sodomy Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

In 1968, consensual sex between same-sex couples was decriminalised [R1.1].

R1.1 ILGA: State-Sponsored Homophobia PDF 382.87kb, MAY 08
Parenting, Adoption, Fostering Legislation/Cases/References
1.

National

The law in Bulgaria prohibits adoption of children by homosexuals [R1.1].

R1.1 Associated Press: House OKs Adoption Treaty Measure 18 JUL 00
Violence: Domestic Violence, Bullying, Harassment, Vilification Legislation/Cases/References
1.

Courts & Tribunals

On 26 December 2013, the Supreme Administrative Court was reported to have ruled that the “gays are more dangerous than tobacco smoking because they spread AIDS on a mass scale” comment of film director Andrey Slabakov constituted unlawful harassment, ordering the country's Commission for Protection against Discrimination to take action against him [R1.1].

R1.1 GayStarNews: Bulgaria Court rules claim gay men are more dangerous than smoking is unlawful 26 DEC 13

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