On 13 January 2014, President Goodluck Jonathan signed the Same-Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act into law making same-sex marriage and relationships unlawful with penalties of up to 14 years in prison [R1.13].
On 17 December 2013, the National Assembly conference committee on the Same-Sex Bill - stipulating that only marriage contracted between a man and a woman either under Islamic Law, Customary Law or the Marriage Act is recognised as valid - ratified the recommendation of 14-year jail term for offenders, calling on President Goodluck Jonathan to immediately sign the harmonized bill into law when finally passed both chambers [R1.12].
On 28 July 2013, Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Ogbole Amedu Ode denied a 22 July 2013 report that Minister of Foreign Affairs Olugbenga Ashiru had said that Nigeria would accept gay diplomats and their spouses posted to the country [R1.11].
On 22 July 2013, Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs Olugbenga Ashiru said in London that Nigeria will allow foreign diplomats married to people of the same sex into the country despite its ban on same-sex marriage and homosexuality [R1.10].
On 30 May 2013, the House of Representatives passed a Bill adopted by the Senate in 2011 making same-sex marriage unlawful and setting jail terms of up to 14 years for offenders. The bill also envisages prison sentences up to 10 years for anyone who participates in gay clubs or organisations [R1.9].
On 13 November 2012, the House of Representatives supported the Senate Bill to outlaw same-sex marriage. A motion that the Bill be referred to the Committee of Whole was unanimously adopted by members through a voice vote [R1.8].
On 29 November 2011, the Senate passed an amended Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill 2011, that imposes an increased 14-year jail term for marrying a person of the same sex. It also criminalizes witnessing of such marriages, affection expressed publicly between members of the same sex, and a ban on the existence of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender organizations. The legislation must be passed by the House of Representatives and signed by President Goodluck Jonathan before it becomes law [L1.7], [R1.6].
In October 2011, the Senate reportedly approved bill SB 05 Same Gender Marriage (Prohibition) Bill 2011 that would see people jailed for three years for marrying a person of the same sex. Anyone who witnessed, abetted or aided in the solemnisation of a same-sex marriage could receive up to five years in prison [L1.5], [R1.4].
In January 2009, Nigeria's House of Representatives voted unanimously to ban same-sex marriage [R1.3].
In 2008, HB 150 the Same Gender Marriage (Prohibition) Bill 2008: An Act to Prohibit Marriage between persons of same gender, solemnization of same and for other matters related therwith eas introduced to the Parliament [L1.2].
In January 2007, a bill banning same-sex marriage was being debated in the parliament, the sub-clauses of which would ban membership of a gay or lesbian group, and advocating gay and lesbian equality, hosting or visiting a gay website, renting or selling a property to a same-sex couple, taking or possessing photos of a gay or lesbian couple, and even expressions of same-sex love in letters or emails. Violations would be punished with an automatic five-year jail sentence [R1.1].
The 1990 Marriage Act refers to marriage as being between a man and a wife (Section 27) as does the First Schedule of the Matrimonial Causes Act [R1.0].